Activists in Belarus are facing increased surveillance from the government, according to a new report from Amnesty International, and telecommunications companies are facilitating it. It describes how the government’s large and secretive surveillance program has been used to stifle dissent and free speech, whether by eavesdropping on email or phone conversations, tracking the locations of activists, or seizing private information to prosecute or blackmail them. The report thus sheds light on how powerful surveillance has forced many activists underground, while underscoring the importance of encryption as a way to evade censors.
Is this a necessary evil of our modern world? How can we deal with this issue if we encounter this? Is the government justified in such actions in the name of national security?